What Is Millets? Different Type of Millets With Benefits & Nutrition

Monsoon Harvest Team
22 Aug , 2022

What Is Millets?

Millet is a type of cereal that is a part of the grass family Poaceae. This small round whole grain is grown in India and Nigeria, especially in Asia and Africa. Just like brown rice and quinoa, millet food can be cooked for easy digestion.

There are multiple types of millets. However, most common varieties include Finger Millet, Foxtail Millet, Pearl Millet, Proso Millet, Little Millet and Sorghum Millet. Millet is loaded with nutritional value and that is why many dieticians and doctors recommend it as one of the breakfast cereal that you must include in your diet. Additionally, millet muesli is also recommended by diet consultant experts because it is a more nutrient dense type of millets.

List of Types of Millets

There are several millets types that you can find. Some of these are mentioned herein below:

  • Sorghum Millet (Jowar)
  • Proso Millet (Chena / Barri)
  • Pearl Millet (Bajra)
  • Foxtail Millet (Kakum / Kangni)
  • Finger Millet (Ragi)
  • Browntop Millet (Korle)
  • Barnyard Millet (Sanwa)
  • Little Millet (Moraiyo)

  • 1. Sorghum Millet (Jowar)

    It is commonly called Jowar in India. The largest sorghum-producing states in India are Maharashtra and Karnataka. Some varieties of Sorghum are used for ethanol production.

    2. Proso Millet (Chena / Barri)

    Also called broom corn millet, this grain is mostly found in the drier regions of Asia, Australia, Africa, Europe, and North America. You do not need a lot of water to grow this crop.

    3. Pearl Millet (Bajra)

    In India, you will find this crop by the name Bajra and is mostly grown in states such as Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana. 

    4. Foxtail Millet (Kakum / Kangni)

    Foxtail millet or Italian millet is usually grown in a semi-arid region. The growing season of this types of millets in India is very short.

    5. Finger Millet (Ragi)

    The common name for finger millet in India is ragi. The ragi millet is popular for its nutritional benefits. It is one of the high-grown millets in India and ragi flakes mostly used in baby foods.

    6. Browntop Millet (Korle)

    This millets types is mostly grown in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. What makes this millet unique is that it can be grown even in less fertile soil.

    7. Barnyard Millet (Sanwa)

    This is one of the millets in India that is grown in certain parts of Andhra Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Its specialty is that it grows even in marginal lands.

    8. Little Millet (Moraiyo)

    Whether there is water logging or drought, this millet can be easily grown. This type of millet is usually found in the Eastern Ghats in India.

    Health Benefits of Millets

    According to some research, there are heap of millets benefits to the human body. Let's discuss a few of them.

    1. Contributes To Digestive Health

    Consuming millets cereal can help in regulating bowel movement since it contains fiber. It also contains prebiotics which helps in the growth of probiotic in the microbiome. This helps in improving gut health and immunity.

    2. Great For People With Gluten Intolerance

    People who cannot tolerate gluten in their food can consume millets without any doubt since it is gluten free cereal. That is why many types of gluten-free breads are made using millets.

    3. Supports Heart Health

    Magnesium is one of the nutrients which improve the cardiovascular system, and millet contains magnesium. As an individual consumes millet, the grain will help in improving the level of protein adiponectin, which ultimately helps in protect cardiovascular tissues. 

    4. Enhances Mood

    One of the millet benefits is that it has a high concentration of the amino acid, tryptophan, which helps in improving mood. People who are suffering from anxiety or depression must consume millets in their daily diet.

    5. Manages Weight

    People who have been struggling with the problem of obesity or being overweight should consider including millet in their diet. 

    Millets Nutritional Value

    Millet nutrition value per 100gm serving

    Calories

    378

    Fat 

    4.22g

    Carbohydrate

    72.85g

    Protein

    11.02g

    Sodium

    5mg

    Dietary Fiber

    8.5g

    Calcium

    8mg

    Iron

    3.01mg

    Potassium

    195mg

     

    Per 100gm serving of uncooked millets provides 378 calories. All millets types are rich in carbohydrates. Therefore, you can expect to feel and stay energized after consuming millet for a long time. Apart from carbohydrates, it is also a great source of protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. You can in fact get calcium in finger millet. These are some of the nutrients that you need in your body regularly. Therefore, consuming millet can help you get several types of essential nutrients.

    How To Eat Millets Regularly?

    If you want to add millet to your diet regularly, the following tips can be helpful for you.

    • Take some porridge pats and add some fresh berries to it. You can also add frozen berries if fresh berries are not available.
    • You can make stews or soups out of millet.
    • Instead of quinoa, you can use millets for your salads.

    Now, all that you must do is buy the best quality millet and start adding it to your meals.

    Found this article insightful? Visit the Monsoon Harvest Blogs to read more engaging blog posts related to health and nutrition foods. You can also visit Monsoon Harvest to buy healthy millet muesli food online.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Q1. Is millet seed or a grain?
    Ans: Millet is a grain that is a part of the Poaceae family.

    Q2.  Are millets and quinoa the same?
    Ans: Millet and quinoa are not the same. Quinoa is a complete protein, while millet has other nutrients as well along with protein.

    Q3. Is millet wheat?
    Ans: As compared to wheat, millet contains more fiber as well as other important minerals.

    Q4. What is millet called in India?
    Ans: There are various types of millets in India. For example, while Pearl millet is called Bajra, Finger millet is called Ragi.

    Q5. Which millet is good for weight loss?
    Ans: For weight loss, you should consume Pearl millet since it contains magnesium, protein, fibre, iron, and calcium.

    Q6. Is millet gluten-free?
    Ans: Yes, millet is naturally gluten-free.

    Q7. Which millet is good for diabetes?
    Ans: Foxtail millet helps in controlling insulin and triglyceride levels; thus, is good for diabetes.

    Q8. Is Jowar a type of millet?
    Ans: Yes, Jowar is a type of millet and is also called Sorghum.

    Q9. Can we eat millets at night?
    Ans: Yes, eating millet porridge can help you get a good sleep at night.

    Q10. Which millet is good for the thyroid?
    Ans: Millet that is low in flavonoid is good for thyroid. However, thyroid patients still need to maintain the portion size of millet.

    Leave a Reply

    All blog comments are checked prior to publishing

    Please login and you will add product to your wishlist

    Added to cart successfully!
    Qty:
    Price:
    Total items in your cart

    Total: Rs. 0.00

    CONTINUE SHOPPING

    Added to wishlist successfully!

    }